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On This Day in History…In The News for People Living with Dementia

Last updated on May 22, 2021

When you were a kid, how many times did your mom or dad tell you “watching too much TV will rot your brain!”?? 

If you were like me, a zillion times, but you didn’t believe it. Funny, it turns out they were kinda right!

Dementia & TV: Are They Linked?

Researchers tells us the human brain is more active when you are sleeping than when you are watching TV. Neurodegenerative brain disorders (dementias) later in life have been directly linked to excessive television watching. And risk of death due to stroke, heart disease, diabetes, and some cancers increases.

One large study found that adults over 50 who watched more than 3 hours of TV a day experienced decline in memory of words and language over the following decade.

And another study documented higher rates of aggression, antisocial behavior and mental health problems among those who watched excessive TV. 

A more active lifestyle, no matter how old or young you happen to be, can help lower the risk of cognitive decline (1,2,3). 

This free activity for patients living with dementia stimulates the mind to think and remember, to reminsce and feel nostalgic.

Switch OFF the Boob Tube and Turn ON Your Brain!

My philosophy for exercising the brain is simple: Turn off technology and look people in the eye to read, talk, think, remember, listen and laugh together. 

Reading aloud every day benefits people living with dementia by: 

  • Stimulating memories and imagination
  • Increasing focus, concentration and attention span
  • Expanding knowledge
  • Strengthening relationships
  • Increasing relaxation and tranquility
  • Being free and enjoyable entertainment

Oh, No! What Happened?!

Individuals living with dementia have trouble understanding some types of news. Stories of gruesome death, murder, rape, child abuse, war, car/plane crashes, and so on should be used with extreme caution or avoided altogether. News of this nature can cause agitation, anxiety, depression, fear, worry, confusion, and or inability to be redirected. 

Although older adults living with dementia and children are not the same and should not be treated as such, I am reminded of a personal situation that I think will help illustrate how negative news can affect anyone, and in particular vulnerable groups, like your loved one/residents. It reminds us all to be selective when sharing news. 

Years ago, when my children were young, I was working in an elementary school library. The early morning of 9/11/2001 started out just like every other–we woke up, hurried to shower, dress, eat breakfast, grab lunches and backpacks, and head off to school. 

I didn’t see or hear the news at home, so I was surprised to be swarmed by dozens of obviously scared and confused children in the school parking lot. 

“Did you see all the planes flying into buildings?!” one boy asked. Another exclaimed: “Everything is burning!” And then another whispered, “People are even jumping out of the buildings!”

 

 

 

 

 

 

And finally, a small boy cried “When are they going to crash into us?”

 

 

 

 

 

My mind was whirling—WHAT??! What is going on here? What are they talking about?

I learned of the World Trade Center disaster once inside the school, and was heartbroken and sickened like the rest of the nation. Sadly, I realized these innocent little children had watched the news clips at home without a full understanding of what they were seeing. There was no time for explanations, so they’d come to school unable to comprehend the situation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Each time they watched the news videos–which were continuously being reshown–they believed a new plane was flying into a new building and killing a new group of people. It was overwhelming for them. They couldn’t understand what was actually happening.

 

A similar thing happens to someone living with dementia–the ability to process such an event is difficult at best. But when taken out of context, horrific news only confuses and disturbs, and often all attempts on your part to explain the facts fall on deaf ears. 

Last week, I received an urgent call from my night staff. It was 1:40am. One of our residents, Marilyn, had been dozing off and on while watching the evening movie after dinner. Unfortunately, she happened to look up just as a man on screen flicked his cigarette out of camera view.

 

 

 

 

 

 

This split-second, insignificant action turned into a long and stressful night for Marilyn and everyone else. Sure that the man had started a fire, she refused to take her medications and get ready for bed. Marilyn demanded to stay dressed so she could evacuate the building when the firemen came. And she repeatedly insisted staff call the police and fire departments to hurry up.

Marilyn paced and kept staring out the windows looking for the fire “the man had started with his cigarette.” This photo may be what she imagined in her mind to be true. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Her agitation and fear was contagious–soon other residents became concerned. Staff could not redirect Marilyn. so they called me for help before the situation got completely out of hand. 

Long story short, I suggested dimming the lights, and to quietly and calmly read a good story–I keep a stack of books on my desk. I knew Marilyn would remain agitated at first, but  told staff to continue reading aloud reassure all resident s that the police and fire departments had stopped the blaze in time. I was sure Marilyn and the rest would eventually listen and relax.

And they all finally did.

Write Your Own News…

Okay, so if current events (like COVID 19, rioting, etc.) are not an option because they may cause negative thoughts and feelings, create your own news. Do yourself a huge favor–stick to happy and uplifting events that bring a smile or laugh, and even a few moments of reminiscing. 

A quick example:  The New Revolution (roller coaster that goes upside down) opened at Six Flags Magic Mountain 5/8/76; Peter, Paul & Mary’s “Puff the Magic Dragon” hit #2 5/11/63; the University of California donated $1,500 to research a cure for athlete’s foot 5/20/30; and the first revolving restaurant, Top of the Needle in Seattle, Washington, opened 5/22/61. 

Show photos when available. Encourage comments and questions. And clarify any questions,  misunderstandings or misconceptions.

To begin each day, I read ‘In the News’–important and interesting events that happened on this day in history. 

These free websites provide great info and I use them all the time: 

  • www.onthisday.com publishes worldwide highlights and events–political, military, musical, film & TV, sports, science, space, health, birthdays, deaths, weddings & divorces for every day of the year
  • www.on-this-day.com/cgi-bin/otd-tvotd.pl publishes TV history 

In word doc, I create a one-page 2-column news sheet using New Times font 14-16. You can print a copy for each person or for those who want to read along/out loud or just one for yourself–depending on the abilities/interest of your group. 

I like to coordinate the other activities for the day (Biography, What About?, Trivia/interesting facts, word games, puzzles, and sometimes even art), when possible, to go along with news topics.  I highlight each activity on my copy so I can gather up and have ready all materials (info, pictures, music, video clips, items to show, art supplies, etc.). 

For example: On 10/5, I have highlighted Chief Joseph, Nez Perce Leader biography and What About? PBS. And shared facts/trivia on Harry Truman. A quote by Ray Croc finished the newspaper nicely. 

For 4/23, the biography of Shirley Temple, What About? the Four Tops, and interesting facts/trivia about William Shakespeare. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

You’ll notice, I haven’t put the year on my papers, because at the end of the day, I binder clip the Newspaper, Biography, What About?, trivia/interesting facts, reminiscing, and any other activities all together and file them away for next year. The facts and dates won’t change in a year’s time. And because I print them off each day to read and pass around, they’re kept to use again.

Use your imagination to create fun and interesting news. Read with enthusiasm! Encourage comments and memories. 

Please leave your comments and questions below.

Enjoy,

Tamara

 

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References

  1. Alzheimer’s Research UK (2020). Watching tv for longer worsens memory. https://www.alzheimersresearchuk.org/watching-tv-for-longer-worsens-memory
  2. Fancourt, D. & Steptoe, A. (2019). Television viewing and cognitive decline in older age: findings form the English longitudinal study of ageing. Sci Rep 9, 2851. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39354-4
  3. McDermott, N. (2019). Watching 3.5 hours of tv a day increases risk of dementia: study. New York Post https://nypost.com/2019/02/28/watching-3-5-hours-of-tv-a-day-increases-risk-of-dementia-study/

3 Comments

  1. Crypto DaveCrypto Dave

    Wow-what a great post on Dementia. I had no idea that TV could be linked like that to Dementia. That makes me wonder, what about the screen in general? A lot of people spend hours a day in front of a computer screen. I guess it depends on what you are doing on the PC as to what effect. 

    I would be curious to here your thoughts on this.

    • TamaraTamara

      Hey Dave, 

      You ask great questions–I find it funny that a lot of people don’t consider the computer screen as very similar to TV. Both can be detrimental if viewed/used in excess. I read somewhere that 50% of children under the age of 8 have their own tablet and spend 2+ hours a day staring at the digital screen. Studies show lower scores on language and thinking tests. The cortex of the brain showed signs of thinning in the group of kids with tablet time. This is the area related to critical thinking and reasoning. And that’s just talking about the effects to brain health. Physical and emotional health is affected too. 

      If children experience damage to brain from being exposed to excess TV and computer screens in their youth, it stands to reason they will have difficulties throughout their lives and into old age. Dementia could be the end result. It is a brain disease. 

      I spend a good bit of time on my computer everyday–I work on it. I also read, do jigsaw puzzles, suduko, crossword, and other mind stimulating activities every day. Unfortunately, none of us escape from some kind of negative effect our devices deliver. 

      Thanks for stopping by Dementia Digest!

      Tamara

  2. ParameterParameter

    It hurts when we realise the awkward effects of some type of lifestyle. Investing your time in watching TV could affect your concentration and reduce memory so also it affects your sight. There are a lot of efforts steered at reducing the danger from rays from TV set but we must consciously reduce how long we stair at this box 

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